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Child Injury Prevention Studies (CChIPS)

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Ohio State University

Last Reviewed: 01/17/2020

CChIPS advances the safety of children and young adults by facilitating research on injury causes and consequence and its translation into products and education for injury prevention.

Center Mission and Rationale

The CChIPS mission is to advance the safety of children, youth, and young adults by facilitating scientific inquiry into childhood and young adult injuries and to translate these findings into commercial applications and educational programs for preventing future injuries.

Research program

Traffic Injury Prevention

The CChIPS research method applies the broad and diverse backgrounds of its investigators to create and implement novel integrated approaches. For example, child crash injury-related research uses Biomechanical Epidemiology, an approach developed by CChIPS investigators, whereby engineering questions are answered with the rigorous methods used for clinical research studies.

Currently, the majority of CChIPS research is focused on preventing road traffic injuries and deaths. Areas
of research include:

  • Injury biomechanics, mechanisms, and tolerance: study of age-based changes in the response of human tissues to mechanical loads; delineation of child injury mechanisms. Goal: provide the scientific foundation to fuel evidence-based, effective safety technological innovation and regulatory test devices and protocols
  • Technological solutions (design, development, and testing): Inform innovations and improvements in the biofidelity (representative of the properties of children) of ATD, computational models and other safety devices so that testing produces accurate results; Goal: inform enhancements in federal safety regulatory priorities, new safety product development, and trauma medical protocols
  • How humans interact and behave in relation to safety technology: apply culturallysensitive, theoretically-grounded behavioral models to guide development and evaluation of safety promotion interventions and user-centered products. Goal: provide the scientific foundation to fuel innovations in safety behavior promotion and effective, real-world use of safety technologies;
  • Safety promotion and education: evidence-based translation and evaluation of safety programming. Goal: inform enhancements in safety promotion and educational strategies underway among industry, government, and advocates to improve the protection of children.
  • Evaluation of safety devices or behavior modification programs: utilize a diversity of rigorous methodologies in the laboratory, community and on-line to evaluate the impact of technological and behavioral interventions on child injury and safety; Goal: ensure that current and planned safety strategies in the real world are effective.

 

The Center research portfolio evolves to address current challenges and emerging issues. Its technical focus leverages the existing capabilities, interests, and expertise of the Center faculty and its industrial partners to address market-driven, research-informed traffic safety issues for youth.

Special Activities

ANNUAL REPORT

Each year, CChIPS creates an Annual Report highlighting the previous year's research projects, membership updates, student training opportunities, and more. Access our library of reports here: http://cchips.research.chop.edu/resources 

ADVANCES IN CHILD INJURY PREVENTION (ACIP) CONFERENCE

Held each June in Plymouth, MI and hosted by CChIPS, the ACIP Conference convenes child occupant safety professionals from industry, government, and organizations involved in research and development, product design, and safety policy and regulation to hear the latest research in traffic safety for children and adolescents. Attendees learn about recent findings in an informal setting that promotes open group discussion following each presentation. Learn more about ACIP and register for the next conference here: https://cchips.research.chop.edu/news-events

INJURY BIOMECHANICS SYMPOSIUM

The CChIPS site at The Ohio State University has been a leader in student development in injury biomechanics via the Injury Biomechanics Symposium (IBS). Held annually each May at OSU, the IBS stimulates and rewards strong injury biomechanics research among trainees by providing a welcoming atmosphere for novice researchers to present original work in a non-threatening environment. Learn more here: http://ibrc.osu.edu/symposium/

Facilities and Laboratory

CHOP Facilities and Infrastructure

Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) contributes facilities (office space, laboratory space, and equipment) and waiving all indirect expenses associated with IAB membership fees. CHOP provides substantial administrative support and guidance to the Center. CChIPS has access to a large and diverse subject pool for research through its relationship with CHOP. CChIPS runs administratively under the auspices of the Center for Injury Research and Prevention (CIRP) at CHOP, one of 11 Centers of Emphasis within the CHOP Research Institute. World renowned for its comprehensive program of research on the causes and consequences of child injury, CIRP includes 97 faculty and staff most of whom spend the majority of their time in the CIRP physical space although their appointments are across the University of Pennsylvania departments and they utilize facilities, as needed, across the campus. CIRP is located on the 13th Floor of the Roberts Center for Pediatric Research building at 2716 South Street, a 21-story, 470,000 gross square feet translational research center owned by CHOP. 

  • Driving Simulator Lab: Housed within the Roberts Center for Pediatric Research at CHOP, the Driving Simulator Core at CIRP is dedicated to help answer questions conducted through qualitative and quantitative research. The high-fidelity, fixed base driving simulator and the mobile driving simulator have rich audio and visual environments for conducting research. CIRP provides the technical and administrative support to help researchers conduct simulator-based observational studies.
  • Human Volunteer Sled Lab: CIRP developed a low-speed human volunteer sled and were the first and only to test pediatric subjects in this manner. The sled is capable of providing a safe, non-injurious crash pulse to restrained volunteers to study movement and muscle response across a range of industry relevant conditions. A second volunteer testing apparatus has been developed that provides the ability to study pre-impact maneuvers in a controlled and safe manner.

 

OSU Facilities and Infrastructure

The Injury Biomechanics Research Center (IBRC) at The Ohio State University (OSU) hosts CChIPS’ second site. OSU supports lab space and waives all indirect expenses associated with OSU-based IAB membership fees.The mission of the IBRC is to dedicate multidisciplinary research to understand the risk, prevention, and mechanism of human injury. The IBRC brings together an interdisciplinary team of engineers, anatomists, anthropologists, physicians, computer modelers and technicians, who focus on both mechanisms of injury and injury thresholds of the human body. The IBRC works closely with several departments of OSU and many government and industry partners to offer one of the most diverse testing facilities in the country. IBRC researchers bring experience in testing anthropomorphic test devices, conducting human volunteer studies, and utilizing computational modeling to CChIPS projects.

Locations

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

2716 South Street
Floor 13

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19146

United States

Ohio State University

2063 Graves Hall
333 West 10th Ave

Columbus, Ohio, 43210

United States